G2Cdb::Allele report

Mutation type
P

Altered genes (1)

Gene Symbol Species Description
G00002430 MYH6 Homo sapiens myosin, heavy chain 6, cardiac muscle, alpha

Diseases (1)

Disease Description Nervous effect
D00000235 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy N

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Diastolic dysfunction without left ventricular hypertrophy is an early finding in children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-causing mutations in the beta-myosin heavy chain, alpha-tropomyosin, and myosin-binding protein C genes.

    Poutanen T, Tikanoja T, Jääskeläinen P, Jokinen E, Silvast A, Laakso M and Kuusisto J

    Department of Pediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland. tuija.poutanen@koti.tpo.fi

    Objectives: We investigated the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and features of diastolic dysfunction in genotype-confirmed children from families with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and healthy control children.

    Background: In subjects with HCM-causing mutations, LVH usually does not evolve until adolescence. Diastolic dysfunction has not been systematically evaluated in children carrying HCM-causing mutations.

    Methods: All children (aged 1.5-16.7 years) from 14 HCM families with identified disease-causing mutations (the Arg719Trp mutation in the beta-myosin heavy chain gene [MYH7], the Asp175Asn mutation in the alpha-tropomyosin gene [TPM1], the Gln1061X mutation in the myosin-binding protein C gene [MYBPC3], and the IVS5-2A-->C mutation in the MYBPC3 gene) and 53 matched control children were examined with electrocardiography and 2- and 3-dimensional echocardiography (2DE and 3DE). Natriuretic peptides were measured in children from HCM families and 67 control children.

    Results: Of 53 children from HCM families, 27 (51%) had a disease-causing mutation (G+). G+ children had slightly thicker septum on 2DE compared with the control children (P = .004), but only 3 (11%) of 27 G+ children exceeded the 95th percentile values of the body surface area-adjusted maximal LV thickness of healthy children (the major echocardiographic criterion for HCM). However, prolonged isovolumetric relaxation time, increased left atrial volume on 3DE, or increased levels of NT-proANP, all features suggestive of diastolic dysfunction, were found in 14 (52%) of 27 G+ children.

    Conclusions: In children with HCM-causing mutations, signs of diastolic dysfunction are found in about half of the cases, as LVH is present only in small percentage of these children.

    American heart journal 2006;151;3;725.e1-725.e9

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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