G2Cdb::Allele report

Mutation type

Altered genes (1)

Gene Symbol Species Description
G00001806 PLP1 Homo sapiens proteolipid protein 1

Diseases (1)

Disease Description Nervous effect
D00000155 Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease Y

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • A novel insertional mutation at exon VII of the myelin proteolipid protein gene in Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease.

    Kurosawa K, Iwaki A, Miyake S, Imaizumi K, Kuroki Y and Fukumaki Y

    Institute of Genetic Information, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

    Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is an X-linked neurological disorder characterized by dysmyelination in the central nervous system (CNS). Recently mutations of the myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) gene which encodes both PLP and its isoform, DM-20 generated by alternative splicing, have been demonstrated in PMD patients. We analyzed the seven exons of the PLP gene of a Japanese boy affected with PMD by direct sequencing and identified an insertion event in exon VII of the PLP gene. This mutation was also present in his carrier mother, but was absent in ninety-five X chromosomes of normal Japanese. The frame-shift mutation leads to the production of truncated PLP with altered carboxyl terminal amino acid sequences, resulting in considerable change of the structure of PLP and DM-20 necessary for functional purposes. This is the first report of a mutation in exon VII of the PLP gene associated with PMD.

    Human molecular genetics 1993;2;12;2187-9

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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