G2Cdb::Allele report

Mutation type
SNP

Altered genes (1)

Gene Symbol Species Description
G00001806 PLP1 Homo sapiens proteolipid protein 1

Diseases (1)

Disease Description Nervous effect
D00000155 Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease Y

Literature (1)

Pubmed - other

  • Mild Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease caused by a point mutation affecting correct splicing of PLP1 mRNA.

    Hübner CA, Senning A, Orth U, Zerres K, Urbach H, Gal A and Rudnik-Schöneborn S

    Institute for Human Genetics, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

    We describe a 28-year-old male patient with a mild course of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) who presented with developmental delay in his second year of life and was able to walk until 12 years of age. Several computed tomography scans in infancy and youth were normal, the diagnosis of PMD was eventually suggested by magnetic resonance imaging at the age of 24 years. Analysis of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP1) revealed a nucleotide exchange (c.762G>T) at the 3' border of exon 6, which did not entail an amino acid exchange but adversely affected splicing. PCR analysis of fibroblast cDNA showed that c.762G>T resulted in partial skipping of exon 6 in the PLP1 mRNA. Exclusion of exon 6 does not alter the reading frame but leads to absence of amino acids 232-253 that constitute a main part of the fourth transmembrane helix of the PLP protein. Remarkably, residual wild-type splicing was also detected in the patient's cultured fibroblasts. This might explain the mild phenotype in this case, as exon 6 skipping mutations resulted in a severe course of disease in other patients.

    Neuroscience 2005;132;3;697-701

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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