G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000032
Name
Cutaneous malignant melanoma
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00002235 CTNNB1
catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa
Y (11351304) Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) ?

References

  • Cytoplasmic and nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin is rarely caused by CTNNB1 exon 3 mutations in cutaneous malignant melanoma.

    Omholt K, Platz A, Ringborg U and Hansson J

    Cancer Centre Karolinska, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Radiumhemmet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

    Beta-catenin plays an important role in the Wnt signaling pathway by activating T-cell factor (Tcf)/lymphoid enhancer factor (Lef)-regulated gene transcription. The level of beta-catenin is regulated through GSK-3beta phosphorylation of specific serine and threonine residues, all of which are encoded for in exon 3 of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1). Mutations altering the GSK-3beta phosphorylation sites lead to cellular accumulation of beta-catenin and constitutive transcription of Tcf/Lef target genes. Such mutations have previously been found in melanoma cell lines. In our study, primary melanomas and their corresponding metastases were screened for CTNNB1 exon 3 mutations using single-strand conformation polymorphism and nucleotide sequence analysis. One of 31 primary tumors and 1 of 37 metastases, both originating from the same patient, had a TCT to TTT mutation at codon 45, changing serine to phenylalanine. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed membranous localization of beta-catenin in a majority of the samples. The mutated primary tumor and metastasis, however, displayed widespread cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of beta-catenin. An additional 30% of the primary tumors showed focal cytoplasmic and nuclear staining. Thus, beta-catenin exon 3 mutations are rare in primary as well as metastatic melanomas and do not explain the abnormal cytoplasmic and nuclear localization of beta-catenin found in a relatively large fraction of primary melanomas.

    International journal of cancer 2001;92;6;839-42

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Cytoplasmic and nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin is rarely caused by CTNNB1 exon 3 mutations in cutaneous malignant melanoma.

    Omholt K, Platz A, Ringborg U and Hansson J

    Cancer Centre Karolinska, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Radiumhemmet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

    Beta-catenin plays an important role in the Wnt signaling pathway by activating T-cell factor (Tcf)/lymphoid enhancer factor (Lef)-regulated gene transcription. The level of beta-catenin is regulated through GSK-3beta phosphorylation of specific serine and threonine residues, all of which are encoded for in exon 3 of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1). Mutations altering the GSK-3beta phosphorylation sites lead to cellular accumulation of beta-catenin and constitutive transcription of Tcf/Lef target genes. Such mutations have previously been found in melanoma cell lines. In our study, primary melanomas and their corresponding metastases were screened for CTNNB1 exon 3 mutations using single-strand conformation polymorphism and nucleotide sequence analysis. One of 31 primary tumors and 1 of 37 metastases, both originating from the same patient, had a TCT to TTT mutation at codon 45, changing serine to phenylalanine. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed membranous localization of beta-catenin in a majority of the samples. The mutated primary tumor and metastasis, however, displayed widespread cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of beta-catenin. An additional 30% of the primary tumors showed focal cytoplasmic and nuclear staining. Thus, beta-catenin exon 3 mutations are rare in primary as well as metastatic melanomas and do not explain the abnormal cytoplasmic and nuclear localization of beta-catenin found in a relatively large fraction of primary melanomas.

    International journal of cancer 2001;92;6;839-42

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

Cookies Policy | Terms and Conditions. This site is hosted by Edinburgh University and the Genes to Cognition Programme.