G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000053
Name
Ovarian endometrioid tumour
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00002235 CTNNB1
catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa
Y (10417756) Microinsertion (MI) Y

References

  • beta-catenin mutation and expression analysis in ovarian cancer: exon 3 mutations and nuclear translocation in 16% of endometrioid tumours.

    Wright K, Wilson P, Morland S, Campbell I, Walsh M, Hurst T, Ward B, Cummings M and Chenevix-Trench G

    Joint Experimental Oncology Program, Queensland Institute of Medical Research and University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

    The molecular mechanisms involved in the generation of epithelial ovarian cancers are poorly understood, but evidence suggests that the different histological subtypes may arise from independent tumorigenic events. beta-Catenin is emerging as an important oncogene in the transformation of a number of epithelial cancers, and mutations have been reported in a small study of endometrioid ovarian adenocarcinomas. Mutations in the NH(2)-regulatory domain of beta-catenin stabilise the cytoplasmic levels of this protein, which promotes up-regulation of the beta-catenin-T-cell factor-lymphoid enhancer factor transcriptional complex. We report here beta-catenin (CTNNB1) exon 3 mutation analysis in 149 epithelial ovarian carcinomas. This revealed 10/63 (16%) endometrioid ovarian tumours with activating mutations of the beta-catenin gene. All mutations were missense changes within the GSK3beta consensus site, affecting serine residues at codons 33 and 37 and glycine at codon 34. Immuno-histochemical analysis identified cytoplasmic stabilisation and nuclear translocation in those endometrioid tumours with mutations. This phenotypic change was also identified in 3 other endometrioid tumours that did not have somatic mutations within exon 3 of CTNNB1. Stabilisation of the free, monomeric pool of beta-catenin and the probable resulting constitutive activation of its Tcf-associated transcriptional complex appears to be a specific oncogenic event in endometrioid ovarian adenocarcinoma.

    International journal of cancer 1999;82;5;625-9

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • beta-catenin mutation and expression analysis in ovarian cancer: exon 3 mutations and nuclear translocation in 16% of endometrioid tumours.

    Wright K, Wilson P, Morland S, Campbell I, Walsh M, Hurst T, Ward B, Cummings M and Chenevix-Trench G

    Joint Experimental Oncology Program, Queensland Institute of Medical Research and University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

    The molecular mechanisms involved in the generation of epithelial ovarian cancers are poorly understood, but evidence suggests that the different histological subtypes may arise from independent tumorigenic events. beta-Catenin is emerging as an important oncogene in the transformation of a number of epithelial cancers, and mutations have been reported in a small study of endometrioid ovarian adenocarcinomas. Mutations in the NH(2)-regulatory domain of beta-catenin stabilise the cytoplasmic levels of this protein, which promotes up-regulation of the beta-catenin-T-cell factor-lymphoid enhancer factor transcriptional complex. We report here beta-catenin (CTNNB1) exon 3 mutation analysis in 149 epithelial ovarian carcinomas. This revealed 10/63 (16%) endometrioid ovarian tumours with activating mutations of the beta-catenin gene. All mutations were missense changes within the GSK3beta consensus site, affecting serine residues at codons 33 and 37 and glycine at codon 34. Immuno-histochemical analysis identified cytoplasmic stabilisation and nuclear translocation in those endometrioid tumours with mutations. This phenotypic change was also identified in 3 other endometrioid tumours that did not have somatic mutations within exon 3 of CTNNB1. Stabilisation of the free, monomeric pool of beta-catenin and the probable resulting constitutive activation of its Tcf-associated transcriptional complex appears to be a specific oncogenic event in endometrioid ovarian adenocarcinoma.

    International journal of cancer 1999;82;5;625-9

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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