G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000110
Name
Extracolonic tumours in familiar adenomatous polyposis
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00002235 CTNNB1
catenin (cadherin-associated protein), beta 1, 88kDa
Y (15287021) No mutation found (N) N

References

  • Analysis of somatic APC mutations in rare extracolonic tumors of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli.

    Bläker H, Sutter C, Kadmon M, Otto HF, Von Knebel-Doeberitz M, Gebert J and Helmke BM

    Institute of Pathology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Hendrik_Blaeker@med.uni-heidelberg.de

    Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP) carry heterozygous mutations of the APC gene. At a young age, these patients develop multiple colorectal adenomas that consistently display a second somatic mutation in the remaining APC wild-type allele. Inactivation of APC leads to impaired degradation of beta-catenin, thereby promoting continuous cell-cycle progression. The role of APC inactivation in rare extracolonic tumors of FAP patients has not been characterized sufficiently. Among tissue specimen from 174 patients with known APC germ-line mutations, we identified 8 tumors infrequently seen in FAP. To investigate the pathogenic role of APC pathway deregulation in these lesions, they were analyzed for second-hit somatic mutations in the mutational cluster region of the APC gene. Immunohistochemistry was performed to compare the expression pattern of beta-catenin to the mutational status of the APC gene. Exon 3 of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) was analyzed for activating mutations to investigate alternative mechanisms of elevated beta-catenin concentration. Although CTNNB1 mutations were not observed, second somatic APC mutations were found in 4 of the 8 tumors: a uterine adenocarcinoma, a hepatocellular adenoma, an adrenocortical adenoma, and an epidermal cyst. These tumors showed an elevated concentration of beta-catenin. No APC mutations were seen in focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver, angiofibrolipoma, and seborrheic wart. This is the first study reporting second somatic APC mutations in FAP-associated uterine adenocarcinoma and epidermal cysts. Furthermore, our data strengthen a role for impaired APC function in the pathogenesis of adrenal and hepatic neoplasms in FAP patients.

    Genes, chromosomes & cancer 2004;41;2;93-8

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Analysis of somatic APC mutations in rare extracolonic tumors of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli.

    Bläker H, Sutter C, Kadmon M, Otto HF, Von Knebel-Doeberitz M, Gebert J and Helmke BM

    Institute of Pathology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Hendrik_Blaeker@med.uni-heidelberg.de

    Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP) carry heterozygous mutations of the APC gene. At a young age, these patients develop multiple colorectal adenomas that consistently display a second somatic mutation in the remaining APC wild-type allele. Inactivation of APC leads to impaired degradation of beta-catenin, thereby promoting continuous cell-cycle progression. The role of APC inactivation in rare extracolonic tumors of FAP patients has not been characterized sufficiently. Among tissue specimen from 174 patients with known APC germ-line mutations, we identified 8 tumors infrequently seen in FAP. To investigate the pathogenic role of APC pathway deregulation in these lesions, they were analyzed for second-hit somatic mutations in the mutational cluster region of the APC gene. Immunohistochemistry was performed to compare the expression pattern of beta-catenin to the mutational status of the APC gene. Exon 3 of the beta-catenin gene (CTNNB1) was analyzed for activating mutations to investigate alternative mechanisms of elevated beta-catenin concentration. Although CTNNB1 mutations were not observed, second somatic APC mutations were found in 4 of the 8 tumors: a uterine adenocarcinoma, a hepatocellular adenoma, an adrenocortical adenoma, and an epidermal cyst. These tumors showed an elevated concentration of beta-catenin. No APC mutations were seen in focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver, angiofibrolipoma, and seborrheic wart. This is the first study reporting second somatic APC mutations in FAP-associated uterine adenocarcinoma and epidermal cysts. Furthermore, our data strengthen a role for impaired APC function in the pathogenesis of adrenal and hepatic neoplasms in FAP patients.

    Genes, chromosomes & cancer 2004;41;2;93-8

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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