G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000010
Name
Myxoid well-differentiated liposarcoma
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00002162 FUS
fused in sarcoma
Y (11229517) Translocation fusion (with another gene) (TF) N

References

  • Specificity of TLS-CHOP rearrangement for classic myxoid/round cell liposarcoma: absence in predominantly myxoid well-differentiated liposarcomas.

    Antonescu CR, Elahi A, Humphrey M, Lui MY, Healey JH, Brennan MF, Woodruff JM, Jhanwar SC and Ladanyi M

    Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.

    Myxoid liposarcoma (LS), the most common subtype of LS, is known to be characterized by the specific t(12;16) resulting in a TLS-CHOP fusion in almost all cases. We wished to address the following questions: (i) Is this genetic hallmark also present in other types of LS with predominant myxoid change? (ii) What is the proportion of cases with the variant EWS-CHOP fusion? (iii) What is the optimal approach for Southern blot detection of TLS breakpoints? We identified 59 LS characterized histologically by >90% myxoid component, in which frozen tissue tumor was available for DNA extraction. These 59 LS with myxoid features were divided into 2 groups: 42 LS with classic myxoid/round cell appearance (myxoid LS) and 17 well-differentiated LS (WDLS) with a predominant (>90%) myxoid component. Within the myxoid LS group, 29 tumors were low grade and 13 high grade (>20% round cell component). Among the 17 predominantly myxoid WDLS, there were 15 low grade and 2 focally high grade tumors. In addition, we selected as control group, 20 LS of other histological types with minimal or no myxoid change (17 WDLS and 3 pleomorphic LS) and 13 myxofibrosarcomas. Southern blot analysis was performed in all cases using a CHOP cDNA probe, and in all CHOP rearranged cases using a TLS cDNA probe. Probe/enzyme combinations for Southern blot analysis were CHOP exon 3-4 cDNA probe with BamHI or SacI, TLS exon 3-6 cDNA probe with BclI. All 42 cases of myxoid LS showed a CHOP rearrangement and 38 of them also had a TLS rearrangement. Among the 4 myxoid LS without Southern blot evidence of TLS rearrangement, 1 showed an EWS-CHOP fusion by Southern blotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and in another case, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction detected a TLS-CHOP fusion transcript. None of the predominantly myxoid WDLS and none of the tumors included in the control group showed rearranegements with CHOP probe. In addition, 12 predominantly myxoid WDLS, 10 other LS, and 5 myxofibrosarcoma from the control group were also tested for TLS rearrangement; all were negative. The TLS-CHOP fusion is highly sensitive and specific for the entity of classic myxoid/round cell LS. Other types of LS, even with a predominant myxoid component, lack the TLS-CHOP rearrangement, confirming that they represent a genetically distinct group of LS. The prevalence of the EWS-CHOP variant fusion was approximately 2% in this series. The optimal enzyme for TLS genomic breakpoint detection is BclI.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA47179, P01 CA047179

    The Journal of molecular diagnostics : JMD 2000;2;3;132-8

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Specificity of TLS-CHOP rearrangement for classic myxoid/round cell liposarcoma: absence in predominantly myxoid well-differentiated liposarcomas.

    Antonescu CR, Elahi A, Humphrey M, Lui MY, Healey JH, Brennan MF, Woodruff JM, Jhanwar SC and Ladanyi M

    Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.

    Myxoid liposarcoma (LS), the most common subtype of LS, is known to be characterized by the specific t(12;16) resulting in a TLS-CHOP fusion in almost all cases. We wished to address the following questions: (i) Is this genetic hallmark also present in other types of LS with predominant myxoid change? (ii) What is the proportion of cases with the variant EWS-CHOP fusion? (iii) What is the optimal approach for Southern blot detection of TLS breakpoints? We identified 59 LS characterized histologically by >90% myxoid component, in which frozen tissue tumor was available for DNA extraction. These 59 LS with myxoid features were divided into 2 groups: 42 LS with classic myxoid/round cell appearance (myxoid LS) and 17 well-differentiated LS (WDLS) with a predominant (>90%) myxoid component. Within the myxoid LS group, 29 tumors were low grade and 13 high grade (>20% round cell component). Among the 17 predominantly myxoid WDLS, there were 15 low grade and 2 focally high grade tumors. In addition, we selected as control group, 20 LS of other histological types with minimal or no myxoid change (17 WDLS and 3 pleomorphic LS) and 13 myxofibrosarcomas. Southern blot analysis was performed in all cases using a CHOP cDNA probe, and in all CHOP rearranged cases using a TLS cDNA probe. Probe/enzyme combinations for Southern blot analysis were CHOP exon 3-4 cDNA probe with BamHI or SacI, TLS exon 3-6 cDNA probe with BclI. All 42 cases of myxoid LS showed a CHOP rearrangement and 38 of them also had a TLS rearrangement. Among the 4 myxoid LS without Southern blot evidence of TLS rearrangement, 1 showed an EWS-CHOP fusion by Southern blotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and in another case, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction detected a TLS-CHOP fusion transcript. None of the predominantly myxoid WDLS and none of the tumors included in the control group showed rearranegements with CHOP probe. In addition, 12 predominantly myxoid WDLS, 10 other LS, and 5 myxofibrosarcoma from the control group were also tested for TLS rearrangement; all were negative. The TLS-CHOP fusion is highly sensitive and specific for the entity of classic myxoid/round cell LS. Other types of LS, even with a predominant myxoid component, lack the TLS-CHOP rearrangement, confirming that they represent a genetically distinct group of LS. The prevalence of the EWS-CHOP variant fusion was approximately 2% in this series. The optimal enzyme for TLS genomic breakpoint detection is BclI.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA47179, P01 CA047179

    The Journal of molecular diagnostics : JMD 2000;2;3;132-8

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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