G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000011
Name
Osteosarcoma
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (16764926) Microinsertion (MI) Y
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (16764926) Polymorphism (P) Y

References

  • Rare mutations of the PIK3CA gene in malignancies of the hematopoietic system as well as endometrium, ovary, prostate and osteosarcomas, and discovery of a PIK3CA pseudogene.

    Müller CI, Miller CW, Hofmann WK, Gross ME, Walsh CS, Kawamata N, Luong QT and Koeffler HP

    Division of Hematology/Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. mullerci@cshs.org

    Lipid kinase PIK3CA mutations have been described in several cancers. They clustered in two 'hot spots' located in helical (exon 9) and kinase (exon 20) domains associated with increased kinase activity strongly suggesting oncogenic potential. Mutational analysis of previously unexamined tumors showed an amino acid change from threonine to alanine (T1025A) in exon 20 in one of 28 endometrial cancer samples and 6 endometrial cell lines. Additionally, a silent polymorphism (T1025T) was found in two of 20 MDS samples, one of 43 NHL samples, two of 40 osteosarcoma samples and Ishikawa. The polymorphism was established by identifying two of 92 normal samples with the same change. No PIK3CA mutations were found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) as well as in osteosarcomas, prostate and ovarian cancer samples. Additionally, a previously unidentified PIK3CA pseudogene spanning exons 9-13 on chromosome 22 was discovered.

    Leukemia research 2007;31;1;27-32

Literature (1)

Pubmed - other

  • Rare mutations of the PIK3CA gene in malignancies of the hematopoietic system as well as endometrium, ovary, prostate and osteosarcomas, and discovery of a PIK3CA pseudogene.

    Müller CI, Miller CW, Hofmann WK, Gross ME, Walsh CS, Kawamata N, Luong QT and Koeffler HP

    Division of Hematology/Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. mullerci@cshs.org

    Lipid kinase PIK3CA mutations have been described in several cancers. They clustered in two 'hot spots' located in helical (exon 9) and kinase (exon 20) domains associated with increased kinase activity strongly suggesting oncogenic potential. Mutational analysis of previously unexamined tumors showed an amino acid change from threonine to alanine (T1025A) in exon 20 in one of 28 endometrial cancer samples and 6 endometrial cell lines. Additionally, a silent polymorphism (T1025T) was found in two of 20 MDS samples, one of 43 NHL samples, two of 40 osteosarcoma samples and Ishikawa. The polymorphism was established by identifying two of 92 normal samples with the same change. No PIK3CA mutations were found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) as well as in osteosarcomas, prostate and ovarian cancer samples. Additionally, a previously unidentified PIK3CA pseudogene spanning exons 9-13 on chromosome 22 was discovered.

    Leukemia research 2007;31;1;27-32

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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