G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000073
Name
Glioblastoma multiforme
Nervous system disease
yes

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (15289301) Unknown (?) Y
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (15924253) Unknown (?) Y
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (17050665) Unknown (?) Y

References

  • PIK3CA gene mutations in pediatric and adult glioblastoma multiforme.

    Gallia GL, Rand V, Siu IM, Eberhart CG, James CD, Marie SK, Oba-Shinjo SM, Carlotti CG, Caballero OL, Simpson AJ, Brock MV, Massion PP, Carson BS and Riggins GJ

    Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1550 Orleans Street, CRB II, Room 257, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA.

    The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K) are a family of enzymes that relay important cellular growth control signals. Recently, a large-scale mutational analysis of eight PI3K and eight PI3K-like genes revealed somatic mutations in PIK3CA, which encodes the p110alpha catalytic subunit of class IA PI3K, in several types of cancer, including glioblastoma multiforme. In that report, 4 of 15 (27%) glioblastomas contained potentially oncogenic PIK3CA mutations. Subsequent studies, however, showed a significantly lower mutation rate ranging from 0% to 7%. Given this disparity and to address the relation of patient age to mutation frequency, we examined 10 exons of PIK3CA in 73 glioblastoma samples by PCR amplification followed by direct DNA sequencing. Overall, PIK3CA mutations were found in 11 (15%) samples, including several novel mutations. PIK3CA mutations were distributed in all sample types, with 18%, 9%, and 13% of primary tumors, xenografts, and cell lines containing mutations, respectively. Of the primary tumors, PIK3CA mutations were identified in 21% and 17% of pediatric and adult samples, respectively. No evidence of PIK3CA gene amplification was detected by quantitative real-time PCR in any of the samples. This study confirms that PIK3CA mutations occur in a significant number of human glioblastomas, further indicating that therapeutic targeting of this pathway in glioblastomas is of value. Moreover, this is the first study showing PIK3CA mutations in pediatric glioblastomas, thus providing a molecular target in this important pediatric malignancy.

    Molecular cancer research : MCR 2006;4;10;709-14

  • PIK3CA mutations in glioblastoma multiforme.

    Hartmann C, Bartels G, Gehlhaar C, Holtkamp N and von Deimling A

    Department of Neuropathology, Charité, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany. ch.hartmann@charite.de

    Glioblastoma multiforme WHO grade IV is the most common and malignant variant of astrocytic tumors. Loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 10 and mutations in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN on 10q are molecular hallmarks of glioblastomas. Recently, mutations were identified in PIK3CA, encoding a protein that antagonizes the function of PTEN protein in the PI3K/Akt pathway. To address the question whether an exclusive mutation pattern can be observed in PIK3CA and PTEN, we determined the frequency of mutations in both genes. All coding exons were examined by single strand confirmation polymorphism and direct sequencing. Additionally, we analyzed chromosome 10 for loss of heterozygosity and evaluated the mutational status of TP53. In 70 glioblastomas, 5 (7%) PIK3CA mutations and 10 (14%) PTEN mutations were found. All mutations in PIK3CA located to exons 1, 9 and 20, thereby supporting the concept of mutational hot spot regions. In all but one glioblastoma, mutations were seen either in PIK3CA or in PTEN. In conclusion, the frequency of PIK3CA mutations in glioblastomas appears to be much lower than initially reported.

    Acta neuropathologica 2005;109;6;639-42

  • Mutations of PIK3CA in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, high-grade astrocytomas, and medulloblastomas.

    Broderick DK, Di C, Parrett TJ, Samuels YR, Cummins JM, McLendon RE, Fults DW, Velculescu VE, Bigner DD and Yan H

    Brain Tumor Center, Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

    The phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase pathway is activated in multiple advanced cancers, including glioblastomas, through inactivation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene. Recently, mutations in PIK3CA, a member of the family of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase catalytic subunits, were identified in a significant fraction (25-30%) of colorectal cancers, gastric cancers, and glioblastomas and in a smaller fraction of breast and lung cancers. These mutations were found to cluster into two major "hot spots" located in the helical and catalytic domains. To determine whether PIK3CA is genetically altered in brain tumors, we performed a large-scale mutational analysis of the helical and catalytic domains. A total of 13 mutations of PIK3CA within these specific domains were identified in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, glioblastoma multiforme, and medulloblastomas, whereas no mutations were identified in ependymomas or low-grade astrocytomas. These observations implicate PIK3CA as an oncogene in a wider spectrum of adult and pediatric brain tumors and suggest that PIK3CA may be a useful diagnostic marker or a therapeutic target in these cancers.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: 2P30 CA 14236, 5P20 CA 096890-02, R37 CA 11898-34; NINDS NIH HHS: NS 20023-21

    Cancer research 2004;64;15;5048-50

Literature (3)

Pubmed - other

  • PIK3CA gene mutations in pediatric and adult glioblastoma multiforme.

    Gallia GL, Rand V, Siu IM, Eberhart CG, James CD, Marie SK, Oba-Shinjo SM, Carlotti CG, Caballero OL, Simpson AJ, Brock MV, Massion PP, Carson BS and Riggins GJ

    Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1550 Orleans Street, CRB II, Room 257, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA.

    The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K) are a family of enzymes that relay important cellular growth control signals. Recently, a large-scale mutational analysis of eight PI3K and eight PI3K-like genes revealed somatic mutations in PIK3CA, which encodes the p110alpha catalytic subunit of class IA PI3K, in several types of cancer, including glioblastoma multiforme. In that report, 4 of 15 (27%) glioblastomas contained potentially oncogenic PIK3CA mutations. Subsequent studies, however, showed a significantly lower mutation rate ranging from 0% to 7%. Given this disparity and to address the relation of patient age to mutation frequency, we examined 10 exons of PIK3CA in 73 glioblastoma samples by PCR amplification followed by direct DNA sequencing. Overall, PIK3CA mutations were found in 11 (15%) samples, including several novel mutations. PIK3CA mutations were distributed in all sample types, with 18%, 9%, and 13% of primary tumors, xenografts, and cell lines containing mutations, respectively. Of the primary tumors, PIK3CA mutations were identified in 21% and 17% of pediatric and adult samples, respectively. No evidence of PIK3CA gene amplification was detected by quantitative real-time PCR in any of the samples. This study confirms that PIK3CA mutations occur in a significant number of human glioblastomas, further indicating that therapeutic targeting of this pathway in glioblastomas is of value. Moreover, this is the first study showing PIK3CA mutations in pediatric glioblastomas, thus providing a molecular target in this important pediatric malignancy.

    Molecular cancer research : MCR 2006;4;10;709-14

  • PIK3CA mutations in glioblastoma multiforme.

    Hartmann C, Bartels G, Gehlhaar C, Holtkamp N and von Deimling A

    Department of Neuropathology, Charité, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany. ch.hartmann@charite.de

    Glioblastoma multiforme WHO grade IV is the most common and malignant variant of astrocytic tumors. Loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 10 and mutations in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN on 10q are molecular hallmarks of glioblastomas. Recently, mutations were identified in PIK3CA, encoding a protein that antagonizes the function of PTEN protein in the PI3K/Akt pathway. To address the question whether an exclusive mutation pattern can be observed in PIK3CA and PTEN, we determined the frequency of mutations in both genes. All coding exons were examined by single strand confirmation polymorphism and direct sequencing. Additionally, we analyzed chromosome 10 for loss of heterozygosity and evaluated the mutational status of TP53. In 70 glioblastomas, 5 (7%) PIK3CA mutations and 10 (14%) PTEN mutations were found. All mutations in PIK3CA located to exons 1, 9 and 20, thereby supporting the concept of mutational hot spot regions. In all but one glioblastoma, mutations were seen either in PIK3CA or in PTEN. In conclusion, the frequency of PIK3CA mutations in glioblastomas appears to be much lower than initially reported.

    Acta neuropathologica 2005;109;6;639-42

  • Mutations of PIK3CA in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, high-grade astrocytomas, and medulloblastomas.

    Broderick DK, Di C, Parrett TJ, Samuels YR, Cummins JM, McLendon RE, Fults DW, Velculescu VE, Bigner DD and Yan H

    Brain Tumor Center, Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

    The phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase pathway is activated in multiple advanced cancers, including glioblastomas, through inactivation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene. Recently, mutations in PIK3CA, a member of the family of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase catalytic subunits, were identified in a significant fraction (25-30%) of colorectal cancers, gastric cancers, and glioblastomas and in a smaller fraction of breast and lung cancers. These mutations were found to cluster into two major "hot spots" located in the helical and catalytic domains. To determine whether PIK3CA is genetically altered in brain tumors, we performed a large-scale mutational analysis of the helical and catalytic domains. A total of 13 mutations of PIK3CA within these specific domains were identified in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, glioblastoma multiforme, and medulloblastomas, whereas no mutations were identified in ependymomas or low-grade astrocytomas. These observations implicate PIK3CA as an oncogene in a wider spectrum of adult and pediatric brain tumors and suggest that PIK3CA may be a useful diagnostic marker or a therapeutic target in these cancers.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: 2P30 CA 14236, 5P20 CA 096890-02, R37 CA 11898-34; NINDS NIH HHS: NS 20023-21

    Cancer research 2004;64;15;5048-50

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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