G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000231
Name
Essential hypertension
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (2)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00000030 NOS1
nitric oxide synthase 1 (neuronal)
Y (9298742) Repeat polymorphism (RP) N
G00001473 GNAS
GNAS complex locus
Y (10406816) Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Y

References

  • Association of the G(s)alpha gene with essential hypertension and response to beta-blockade.

    Jia H, Hingorani AD, Sharma P, Hopper R, Dickerson C, Trutwein D, Lloyd DD and Brown MJ

    Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. h.jiia@ucl.ac.uk

    We examined whether the GNAS1 locus, encoding the G(s) protein alpha-subunit (G(s)alpha), is implicated in the genetic causes of essential hypertension. A common silent polymorphism (ATT-->ATC, Ile(131)) was identified in exon 5 of the G(s)alpha gene by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. This polymorphism consists of the presence (+) or absence (-) of a restriction site for FokI. Only 1 other rare allele was found in the coding region; the high GC content of the 5' noncoding sequence prevented mutation scanning of the promoter region of the gene. There was a significant difference in frequency of the FokI alleles between 268 white hypertensives (FokI+:FokI-, 51%:49%) and a matched group of 231 control subjects (FokI+:FokI-, 58%:42%) (P=0.02). Multiple regression analysis showed that the FokI genotype was independently related to the level of untreated systolic blood pressure in 294 well-characterized white hypertensives (P=0.01) but not in normotensives. The influence of the FokI allele on blood pressure (BP) response to beta-blockade was examined in 114 of the patients randomly assigned to this class of drug. Significant differences in frequency of the FokI allele were observed in the good responders (FokI+:FokI-, 62.5%:37.5%, n=36) versus the poor responders (FokI+:FokI-, 41.7%:58.3%, n=30) after beta-blocker therapy (P=0.02). In a multiple regression analysis, the G(s)alpha genotype was the only independent predictor of BP response. These results suggest that the GNAS1 locus might carry a functional variant that influences BP variation and response to beta-blockade in essential hypertension.

    Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979) 1999;34;1;8-14

  • Association analysis of TG repeat polymorphism of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene with essential hypertension.

    Takahashi Y, Nakayama T, Soma M, Uwabo J, Izumi Y and Kanmatsuse K

    Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

    The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) gene is thought to be involved in essential hypertension because nitric oxide is implicated in endothelium-mediated or nitroxidergic neuron-mediated vasodilation. Using simple tandem repeat DNA polymorphism of the neuronal constitutive NOS (nNOS) gene, we carried out an association study in patients with essential hypertension. One hundred and thirty-one patients with essential hypertension and 147 subjects with normal blood pressure were studied. Polymerase chain reaction was applied to amplify the TG repeat site in the nNOS gene, and alleles based on the TG repeat number were determined. Eight alleles were identified in this study of Japanese subjects. Overall distributions of allele frequencies in the two groups were not significantly different. Thus, the genes detected by examination of this microsatellite polymorphism in the nNOS gene are not associated with essential hypertension.

    Clinical genetics 1997;52;2;83-5

Literature (2)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Association of the G(s)alpha gene with essential hypertension and response to beta-blockade.

    Jia H, Hingorani AD, Sharma P, Hopper R, Dickerson C, Trutwein D, Lloyd DD and Brown MJ

    Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. h.jiia@ucl.ac.uk

    We examined whether the GNAS1 locus, encoding the G(s) protein alpha-subunit (G(s)alpha), is implicated in the genetic causes of essential hypertension. A common silent polymorphism (ATT-->ATC, Ile(131)) was identified in exon 5 of the G(s)alpha gene by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. This polymorphism consists of the presence (+) or absence (-) of a restriction site for FokI. Only 1 other rare allele was found in the coding region; the high GC content of the 5' noncoding sequence prevented mutation scanning of the promoter region of the gene. There was a significant difference in frequency of the FokI alleles between 268 white hypertensives (FokI+:FokI-, 51%:49%) and a matched group of 231 control subjects (FokI+:FokI-, 58%:42%) (P=0.02). Multiple regression analysis showed that the FokI genotype was independently related to the level of untreated systolic blood pressure in 294 well-characterized white hypertensives (P=0.01) but not in normotensives. The influence of the FokI allele on blood pressure (BP) response to beta-blockade was examined in 114 of the patients randomly assigned to this class of drug. Significant differences in frequency of the FokI allele were observed in the good responders (FokI+:FokI-, 62.5%:37.5%, n=36) versus the poor responders (FokI+:FokI-, 41.7%:58.3%, n=30) after beta-blocker therapy (P=0.02). In a multiple regression analysis, the G(s)alpha genotype was the only independent predictor of BP response. These results suggest that the GNAS1 locus might carry a functional variant that influences BP variation and response to beta-blockade in essential hypertension.

    Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979) 1999;34;1;8-14

  • Association analysis of TG repeat polymorphism of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene with essential hypertension.

    Takahashi Y, Nakayama T, Soma M, Uwabo J, Izumi Y and Kanmatsuse K

    Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

    The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) gene is thought to be involved in essential hypertension because nitric oxide is implicated in endothelium-mediated or nitroxidergic neuron-mediated vasodilation. Using simple tandem repeat DNA polymorphism of the neuronal constitutive NOS (nNOS) gene, we carried out an association study in patients with essential hypertension. One hundred and thirty-one patients with essential hypertension and 147 subjects with normal blood pressure were studied. Polymerase chain reaction was applied to amplify the TG repeat site in the nNOS gene, and alleles based on the TG repeat number were determined. Eight alleles were identified in this study of Japanese subjects. Overall distributions of allele frequencies in the two groups were not significantly different. Thus, the genes detected by examination of this microsatellite polymorphism in the nNOS gene are not associated with essential hypertension.

    Clinical genetics 1997;52;2;83-5

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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