G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000242
Name
Achalasia
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00000030 NOS1
nitric oxide synthase 1 (neuronal)
Y (16848803) Microsatellite repeat polymorphism (MSRP) N
G00000030 NOS1
nitric oxide synthase 1 (neuronal)
Y (16848803) Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) N

References

  • Association between achalasia and nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms.

    Mearin F, García-González MA, Strunk M, Zárate N, Malagelada JR and Lanas A

    Institute of Functional and Motor Digestive Disorders, Centro Médico Teknon, Barcelona, Spain.

    Background: Our group previously reported the absence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the gastroesophageal junction of patients with achalasia. NOS exists in three distinct isoforms: neuronal NOS (nNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and inducible isoform (iNOS). Some studies have shown that NO production is regulated by NOS polymorphisms.

    Aim: To assess whether some functional polymorphisms in the nNOS, iNOS, or eNOS genes are involved in susceptibility to suffer from achalasia.

    Methods: Genomic DNA from 80 unrelated Spanish Caucasian patients with sporadic achalasia and 144 healthy subjects matched for age (+/-5 yr) and gender was typed by PCR and RFLP methods for the 27-bp variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in intron 4 of the eNOS gene, a CA microsatellite repeat and a Nla III (C-->T) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in exon 29 of the nNOS gene, and two nucleotide substitutions located in exon 16 (C-->T) and exon 22 (G-->A) of the iNOS gene.

    Results: No significant differences in carriage, genotype, and allele frequencies of the nNOS, iNOS, or eNOS gene polymorphisms were found between patients with achalasia and controls. Individuals homozygous for genotype iNOS22*A/A tended to be more frequent in achalasia (20%vs 11%, odds ratio [OR] 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.89-3.59, p= 0.09) as were those homozygous for the rare eNOS*4a allele (6.2%vs 1.4%, OR 4.5, 95% CI 0.89-22.67, p= 0.1) although the difference did not reach statistical significance. No differences in genotype and allele distribution were found with respect to epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with achalasia.

    Conclusion: Our data suggest that NOS gene polymorphisms are not involved in the susceptibility to and nature of the clinical course of sporadic achalasia. However, studies in a greater number of patients are required to analyze the tendency toward a higher prevalence of genotypes iNOS22*A/A and eNOS*4a4a.

    The American journal of gastroenterology 2006;101;9;1979-84

Literature (1)

Pubmed - other

  • Association between achalasia and nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms.

    Mearin F, García-González MA, Strunk M, Zárate N, Malagelada JR and Lanas A

    Institute of Functional and Motor Digestive Disorders, Centro Médico Teknon, Barcelona, Spain.

    Background: Our group previously reported the absence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the gastroesophageal junction of patients with achalasia. NOS exists in three distinct isoforms: neuronal NOS (nNOS), endothelial NOS (eNOS), and inducible isoform (iNOS). Some studies have shown that NO production is regulated by NOS polymorphisms.

    Aim: To assess whether some functional polymorphisms in the nNOS, iNOS, or eNOS genes are involved in susceptibility to suffer from achalasia.

    Methods: Genomic DNA from 80 unrelated Spanish Caucasian patients with sporadic achalasia and 144 healthy subjects matched for age (+/-5 yr) and gender was typed by PCR and RFLP methods for the 27-bp variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in intron 4 of the eNOS gene, a CA microsatellite repeat and a Nla III (C-->T) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in exon 29 of the nNOS gene, and two nucleotide substitutions located in exon 16 (C-->T) and exon 22 (G-->A) of the iNOS gene.

    Results: No significant differences in carriage, genotype, and allele frequencies of the nNOS, iNOS, or eNOS gene polymorphisms were found between patients with achalasia and controls. Individuals homozygous for genotype iNOS22*A/A tended to be more frequent in achalasia (20%vs 11%, odds ratio [OR] 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.89-3.59, p= 0.09) as were those homozygous for the rare eNOS*4a allele (6.2%vs 1.4%, OR 4.5, 95% CI 0.89-22.67, p= 0.1) although the difference did not reach statistical significance. No differences in genotype and allele distribution were found with respect to epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with achalasia.

    Conclusion: Our data suggest that NOS gene polymorphisms are not involved in the susceptibility to and nature of the clinical course of sporadic achalasia. However, studies in a greater number of patients are required to analyze the tendency toward a higher prevalence of genotypes iNOS22*A/A and eNOS*4a4a.

    The American journal of gastroenterology 2006;101;9;1979-84

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

Cookies Policy | Terms and Conditions. This site is hosted by Edinburgh University and the Genes to Cognition Programme.