G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000243
Name
Barrett's oesophagus
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (16380997) Unknown (?) N

References

  • Mutation analysis of PIK3CA and PIK3CB in esophageal cancer and Barrett's esophagus.

    Phillips WA, Russell SE, Ciavarella ML, Choong DY, Montgomery KG, Smith K, Pearson RB, Thomas RJ and Campbell IG

    Surgical Oncology Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, and Department of Surgery (St. Vincent's Hospital), University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. wayne.phillips@petermac.org

    Mutation of PIK3CA, the gene coding for the p110alpha catalytic subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), has been reported in a limited range of human tumors. We now report that PIK3CA is also mutated in esophageal tumors. Single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) were used to screen all 20 exons of PIK3CA in 101 samples from 95 individuals with esophageal cancer and/or Barrett's esophagus. Somatic mutation of PIK3CA was detected in 4 of 35 (11.8%) of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and 3 of 50 (6%) adenocarcinomas. No mutations were detected in any of 17 samples of Barrett's esophagus. For PIK3CB, we screened exons 11 and 22, which code for the regions corresponding to the exon 9 and 20 mutational 'hotspots' of PIK3CA. No somatic changes were detected in PIK3CB This study extends previous observations in other tumor types by demonstrating the presence of somatic PIK3CA mutations in both SCC and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, thus implicating the PI3K pathway in the initiation and/or progression of esophageal cancers.

    International journal of cancer 2006;118;10;2644-6

Literature (1)

Pubmed - other

  • Mutation analysis of PIK3CA and PIK3CB in esophageal cancer and Barrett's esophagus.

    Phillips WA, Russell SE, Ciavarella ML, Choong DY, Montgomery KG, Smith K, Pearson RB, Thomas RJ and Campbell IG

    Surgical Oncology Laboratory, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, and Department of Surgery (St. Vincent's Hospital), University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. wayne.phillips@petermac.org

    Mutation of PIK3CA, the gene coding for the p110alpha catalytic subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), has been reported in a limited range of human tumors. We now report that PIK3CA is also mutated in esophageal tumors. Single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) were used to screen all 20 exons of PIK3CA in 101 samples from 95 individuals with esophageal cancer and/or Barrett's esophagus. Somatic mutation of PIK3CA was detected in 4 of 35 (11.8%) of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and 3 of 50 (6%) adenocarcinomas. No mutations were detected in any of 17 samples of Barrett's esophagus. For PIK3CB, we screened exons 11 and 22, which code for the regions corresponding to the exon 9 and 20 mutational 'hotspots' of PIK3CA. No somatic changes were detected in PIK3CB This study extends previous observations in other tumor types by demonstrating the presence of somatic PIK3CA mutations in both SCC and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, thus implicating the PI3K pathway in the initiation and/or progression of esophageal cancers.

    International journal of cancer 2006;118;10;2644-6

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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