G2Cdb::Human Disease report

Disease id
D00000274
Name
Complex atypical hyperplasia
Nervous system disease
no

Genes (1)

Gene Name/Description Mutations Found Literature Mutations Type Genetic association?
G00001624 PIK3CA
phosphoinositide-3-kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide
Y (17062663) Unknown (?) N

References

  • PIK3CA and PTEN mutations in uterine endometrioid carcinoma and complex atypical hyperplasia.

    Hayes MP, Wang H, Espinal-Witter R, Douglas W, Solomon GJ, Baker SJ and Ellenson LH

    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA.

    Purpose: The tumor suppressor PTEN gene and the PIK3CA oncogene are frequently mutated in uterine endometrioid carcinoma (UEC). PTEN mutations are also common in complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH), the precursor lesion of UEC. The status of PIK3CA has not yet been explored in CAH. In this study, we evaluated both CAH and UEC for PTEN and PIK3CA mutations.

    Neoplastic tissue was microdissected, and DNA was extracted from 29 cases of CAH. DNA was available from 44 UEC cases previously characterized for PTEN mutations. Direct DNA sequencing of exons 9 and 20 of the PIK3CA gene was done on all 73 cases. In addition, CAH cases were analyzed for PTEN mutations. Statistical analyses were done using the Fisher's exact test.

    Results: Two (7%) of 29 CAH and 17 (39%) of 44 UEC cases contained a PIK3CA mutation (P = 0.003). Fourteen (48%) of 29 CAH cases had a PTEN mutation, but none contained both a PTEN and PIK3CA mutation. Twenty-five (57%) of 44 UEC cases had a PTEN mutation, and 12 (48%) of these 25 cases also contained a PIK3CA mutation. Coexistent PIK3CA and PTEN mutations were significantly correlated with UEC compared with CAH (P = 0.002), but the association in UEC did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.21).

    Conclusions: PIK3CA is the most commonly mutated oncogene in UEC; however, mutations are uncommon in CAH. Thus, mutations in PIK3CA, unlike PTEN mutations, are associated with invasion. These findings suggest that mutations in PIK3CA may serve as a marker of invasion with potential clinical use. Furthermore, PIK3CA and PTEN mutations may play distinct roles in endometrial tumorigenesis.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA095427

    Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2006;12;20 Pt 1;5932-5

Literature (1)

Pubmed - other

  • PIK3CA and PTEN mutations in uterine endometrioid carcinoma and complex atypical hyperplasia.

    Hayes MP, Wang H, Espinal-Witter R, Douglas W, Solomon GJ, Baker SJ and Ellenson LH

    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA.

    Purpose: The tumor suppressor PTEN gene and the PIK3CA oncogene are frequently mutated in uterine endometrioid carcinoma (UEC). PTEN mutations are also common in complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH), the precursor lesion of UEC. The status of PIK3CA has not yet been explored in CAH. In this study, we evaluated both CAH and UEC for PTEN and PIK3CA mutations.

    Neoplastic tissue was microdissected, and DNA was extracted from 29 cases of CAH. DNA was available from 44 UEC cases previously characterized for PTEN mutations. Direct DNA sequencing of exons 9 and 20 of the PIK3CA gene was done on all 73 cases. In addition, CAH cases were analyzed for PTEN mutations. Statistical analyses were done using the Fisher's exact test.

    Results: Two (7%) of 29 CAH and 17 (39%) of 44 UEC cases contained a PIK3CA mutation (P = 0.003). Fourteen (48%) of 29 CAH cases had a PTEN mutation, but none contained both a PTEN and PIK3CA mutation. Twenty-five (57%) of 44 UEC cases had a PTEN mutation, and 12 (48%) of these 25 cases also contained a PIK3CA mutation. Coexistent PIK3CA and PTEN mutations were significantly correlated with UEC compared with CAH (P = 0.002), but the association in UEC did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.21).

    Conclusions: PIK3CA is the most commonly mutated oncogene in UEC; however, mutations are uncommon in CAH. Thus, mutations in PIK3CA, unlike PTEN mutations, are associated with invasion. These findings suggest that mutations in PIK3CA may serve as a marker of invasion with potential clinical use. Furthermore, PIK3CA and PTEN mutations may play distinct roles in endometrial tumorigenesis.

    Funded by: NCI NIH HHS: CA095427

    Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2006;12;20 Pt 1;5932-5

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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