G2Cdb::Allele report

Mutation type
SNP

Altered genes (1)

Gene Symbol Species Description
G00001453 PTPN11 Homo sapiens protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 11

Diseases (1)

Disease Description Nervous effect
D00000244 Gastric atrophy N

Literature (1)

Pubmed - human_disease

  • Significant association between PTPN11 polymorphism and gastric atrophy among Japanese Brazilians.

    Kawai S, Goto Y, Ito LS, Oba-Shinjo SM, Uno M, Shinjo SK, Marie SK, Ishida Y, Nishio K, Naito M and Hamajima N

    Department of Preventive Medicine/Biostatistics and Medical Decision Making, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.

    Background: Helicobacter pylori, especially the cytotoxin-associated antigen A (cagA)-positive strains, plays a crucial role in the development of gastric atrophy and gastric cancer. CagA delivered into gastric epithelial cells combines with src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP-2), possibly leading to atrophy/cancer. Our previous study found that a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; IMS-JST057927) of the PTPN11 gene encoding SHP-2, was associated with gastric atrophy among H. pylori-seropositive subjects. This study aimed to examine the reproducibility of the association among Japanese residing in a different circumstance.

    Methods: The subjects were 918 healthy adult Japanese Brazilians from four different areas in Brazil. Blood was sampled from March to May 2001. The target SNP in intron 3 of PTPN11 was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP). Gastric atrophy was evaluated with serum pepsinogens (PGs); PG I, less than 70 ng/dl and PG I/II ratio, less than 3.

    Results: The genotype frequency of PTPN11 was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium: 65.5% for G/G, 30.4% for G/A, and 4.1% for A/A. The PTPN11 polymorphism had no significant association with H. pylori seropositivity. Among the H. pylori-seropositive subjects, the odds ratios (ORs) of gastric atrophy were 0.93 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.59-1.47) for the G/A genotype and 0.31 (95% CI, 0.10-0.95) for the A/A genotype, compared with the G/G genotype.

    Conclusions: The present study reproduced the significant association between the A/A genotype and reduced risk of gastric atrophy among Japanese outside Japan. According to the Japan Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (JSNP) database (db)SNP data, the G allele is very frequent among Japanese and rare in Caucasians. This fact may partly explain the distribution of gastric atrophy/cancer in the world.

    Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association 2006;9;4;277-83

© G2C 2014. The Genes to Cognition Programme received funding from The Wellcome Trust and the EU FP7 Framework Programmes:
EUROSPIN (FP7-HEALTH-241498), SynSys (FP7-HEALTH-242167) and GENCODYS (FP7-HEALTH-241995).

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